The impact of protracted conflict and repeated humanitarian crises in South Sudan is worsened by a weak, chronically underfunded health system, which has been destroyed in many areas and largely neglected in others. In 2020, of approximately 2,300 health facilities in the country, more than 1,300 were nonfunctional. Less than half (44 percent) of the total population and just 32 percent of internally displaced people live within three miles of a functional health facility.
Ongoing humanitarian crises
Despite a peace agreement in 2018 that ended five years of civil war, and the formation of a unified government in early 2020, the situation remains volatile in many areas. In 2019, South Sudan saw a resurgence of subnational conflicts and factional fighting, which has since escalated in 2020 and 2021.
Today, 8.3 million people—more than two-thirds of the population—are estimated to be in dire need of humanitarian assistance and protection. Today, in what is the largest refugee crisis in Africa, 2.2 million South Sudanese people are sheltering in neighboring countries. More than 1.6 million people remain displaced within the country. Even in a best-case scenario, South Sudan will remain vulnerable to humanitarian crises for the foreseeable future, and people in South Sudan will need assistance for some time.
South Sudan’s leaders must make every effort to ensure civilians’ safety and security and an environment conducive to the delivery of humanitarian assistance, independent of any political agenda.
Source link : https://www.doctorswithoutborders.org/what-we-do/news-stories/news/south-sudan-10-years-after-independence-msf-reflects-humanitarian
Publish date : 2021-07-16 20:09:11