Pibor Rapid Markets Assessment: Markets in Crisis, February 2021 – South Sudan


KEY FINDINGS

• Findings suggest that the combined shocks of insecurity
and flooding have resulted in low market accessibility and
limited market functionality across assessed marketplaces
in Pibor county. This is exacerbated by poor road
infrastructure within Jonglei State and the subsequent
difficulty in transporting goods.

• Changes in road access, in the past two years, have limited
various supply routes that were common in the area.

• High prices of commodities in Pibor appear to be driven by
high transport costs resulting from reliance upon Juba as a
supply market.

• Findings suggest that engagement in productive incomegenerating activities has declined in Pibor since 2019,
reportedly due to the limited access to the main livelihood
activities as a result of flooding and insecurity.

• As a result, purchasing power among the communities
has decreased and engagement in alternative incomegenerating activities, such as fishing, charcoal making, and
selling wild foods, cannot provide households with sufficient
income.

INTRODUCTION

In October 2020, 70% of the population of Pibor county was
determined to be in at least crisis level food security conditions
according to the Integrated Phase Classification (IPC), with 11,000
people reportedly facing catastrophic levels of food insecurity. IPC
analyses projected that the percentage of the population in crisis
conditions would climb throughout the dry season and early wet
season to 85% in July.

Within the county, and particularly the western payams, food
insecurity has been driven by conflict and climatic shocks (Figure
1).

Pibor County witnessed atypically severe flooding in both 2019 and
2020, exacerbated the worst year of violence recorded since the
2013 civil war (Figure 1).

In February 2020, armed clashes broke
out in Lekongole and the surrounding areas, resulting in mass
casualties, widespread displacement and the further disruption of
lifesaving humanitarian service provision, right at the height of the
lean season.

In addition, the violence resulted in destruction of critical civilian
infrastructure, including boreholes (often the only source of water),
schools, markets, and shelters, as well as loss of livestock through
raiding. The violence subsided around July, but was followed by
flooding across many parts of the state, which reportedly decimated
the remaining livestock holdings and forced populations to once
again seek refuge.

Market systems have reportedly been negatively impacted by these
shocks, with marketplaces in Pibor, Gumuruk and Lekuangole
facing widespread physical damage and limited access to supply
routes.

To assist humanitarian organisations to understand local market
dynamics, REACH carried out a rapid market assessment in
Pibor County, between the 10th and 18th of February 2021, which
consisted of 6 focus group discussions (FGDs) with consumers,
5 FGDs with trade unions, additional informal key informant (KI)
interviews with traders, local authorities and humanitarian partners,
as well as direct observation. Directly assessed marketplaces
include Pibor, Gumuruk and Lekuangole. These locations were
chosen because of their importance to the overall market system
in the region, and to adequately represent various sub-systems
that exist within the region. Findings from the assessment are
not generalisable with a known level of precision, and should be
considered indicative only.

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Source link : https://reliefweb.int/report/south-sudan/pibor-rapid-markets-assessment-markets-crisis-february-2021

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Publish date : 2021-11-24 20:13:39

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